stroke image

Are you confident that you might know what to do in the case where someone suffers a stroke? This is a quick post to educate you on what to do in the event of a stroke.

There is a popular acronym which is F.A.S.T. which makes the whole process simplified and easy to remember.

What it represents:
F stands for Face Dropping – can you notice if the person’s face is dropping or if it is numb? Ask the person to smile and watch out for differences between the two sides of the face.
A stands for Arm Weakness – can the person feel weakness in one arm? The best way to find out is to ask the person to raise both arms up. If the person finds that he can raise both hands but one drops involuntarily, then this is a signal.
S stands for Speech Difficulty – during the conversation, is the speech slurred and difficult for you to understand the person even if you strain your ears. The sufferer even finds it difficult to make simple sentences.
T stands for Time to call 9-1-1 – yes, you should do this even if you notice just one sign and it looks like if the situation is getting worse. The person needs to go to the hospital for immediate treatment because if untreated, it is very lethal and its damages are irreversible.

Therefore, you should act FAST. Try to keep note of when the symptom started.
This acronym helps you recognise stroke symptoms but the symptoms are not limited to this. Doing this alone will help you save a life during stroke. You must ensure you can remember this when the situation arises. Also occurring are headaches, lack of balance or coordination, and or dizziness. Try to make the person feel comfortable and at rest so that he/ she is not panicking.
We have so far discussed how you can save a life. Now, below are reasons why you should treat this as serious a why.


  • Cardiovascular disease is the number one leading cause of death in the world and the number is to rise to 23.6 million by 2030 and causes 30% of global deaths in 2008.
  • Prevalence of stroke stands at 33 million in 2010
  • In the US alone, stroke kills one in person every four minutes and causes 1 out of every 20 deaths.
  • Every 40 secs, one suffers stroke in the US
  • Stroke is the fifth cause of death in the US (1) and is known as a leading cause of physical disability in people who suffered from stroke.
brain functions
Picture of the areas of the brain and their functions. Image from

You should check out this page from WHO about stroke  and the damage it causes. It normally arises when the blood vessels supplying the brain is blocked by a clot or ruptures and preventing blood flow to the brain leading to death of the area of brain tissue affected. As you might know it or not , brain cells are made up of neurones which cannot reform when damage and there is no cure from this. We all know the brain to be very important as it coordinates many of our activities such as walking, eating, thinking, etc.
Depending on the part of the brain affected, the symptoms will arises.

Area Symptoms
Back of the brain Vision affected
Left area of brain Right side of the body affected,speech
Right area of brain Left side of the body affected
Brain Stem Affects both sides and the person is unable to move

But remember, every stroke is unique but there are symptoms which are common to people. Some people do have TIA (transient Ischaemic Attack). The difference between a stroke and TIA  is that the later is temporary and only lasts a short time.
I wanted to have a video  show up on this post but I cannot. Simply go to and watch this video.

deaths due to stroke
Deaths caused by STROKE according to WHO. Adapted from

Simply remember, how quickly you can identify an attack can determine the amount of damage you can prevent. To ensure you act FAST, you need to know stroke symptoms. Until next time, have a great week.


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Inspired by a life goal to influence the next generation of thought leaders, Nyemahame started this website & he wants to see people achieve their highest potential.